The Belo Monte Hydroelectric Plant has innovated with the formation of two reservoirs and the construction of a 20-km Extension Channel to connect them. In this way, the area of flood initially planned was reduced by more than 60%.

Brazil has the cleanest and most renewable energy matrix in the world and the Belo Monte Hydroelectric Plant, installed in the Xingu River in Pará, contributes to this result. With an installed capacity of 11,233.1 MW and an average generation capacity of 4,571 MW, Belo Monte is the largest 100% Brazilian hydroelectric plant.

In order to reduce the environmental impact, the main reservoir of the project, formed in the Xingu river channel, was conceived in the wake of water, a modern technology and preservationist that meets the most rigid principles of sustainability, respecting the environment and the communities. 
Along with the Intermediate reservoir, the flooded area of the project totals 478 square kilometers - considered small compared to the area flooded by other hydroelectric projects and to the installed capacity of the plant. Both reservoirs are located between the municipalities of Altamira, Senador José Porfírio and Vitória do Xingu. The area covered by the plant still includes two other municipalities: Anapu and Brasil Novo.