Until it reaches the current conformation, environmental licensing has undergone a fairly long evolution process. From governmental authorizations to carry out activities that interfere with the environment, today this process seeks to ensure the protection of natural resources as well as the social rights of the interfering communities and their residents.
With Belo Monte, this process went even further: it conferred the undertaking on the mission of contributing to the sustainable development of the Middle Xingu region, a commitment assumed by Norte Energia.
Since the beginning of the plant's implementation, a total of 12 cities have benefited - Altamira, Anapu, Brasil Novo, Gurupá, Medicilândia, Pacajá, Placas, Porto de Moz, São Felix do Xingu, Senador José Porfírio, Uruará and Vitória do Xingu.
In the five municipalities neighboring the project - Altamira, Anapu, Brasil Novo, Senador José Porfírio and Vitória do Xingu - the investments were more significant. In addition to the implementation of basic sanitation and construction of hospitals and schools, among other structuring works, thousands of initiatives were undertaken to promote a true social transformation.
Entrepreneurship and the strengthening of local productive chains and tourism were stimulated. Capacities formed new professional categories and a whole new cycle of prosperity began in the region.
Supporting the adoption of good environmental practices and compliance with the solid waste policy through the implementation of landfills and the elaboration of the respective municipal policies were some of the initiatives that helped to place the neighboring municipalities in the way of a more sustainable future.
Thinking about how best to occupy urban areas was also the focus of the actions carried out, which included the revision of Municipal Director Plans, training and qualification of managers and creation of an innovative system of public management planning aimed at prefectures in the Xingu region.
But none of this would be feasible without the environmental education efforts of the communities living there. And one of the great merits of Belo Monte was the creation of the Regional Environmental Education Center of the Xingu (CREAX).